Main Article Content
Chronic tonsillitis is one of the main problems of otolaryngology and pediatrics and accounts for 54% according to some authors [1,2,14,15]. Hypertrophy of the pharyngeal tonsils occurs according to different authors and ranges from 3.5 to 8% at the age of 2-15 years and plays a leading role in the formation of the inflammatory process [4,6,7 ].An increase in the pharyngeal tonsil leads to difficulty in nasal breathing, hearing loss, snoring, frequent colds, and a decrease in immunity [4,9 ]. Palchun V.T. et al.  studied and confirmed the features of the functioning of the palatine tonsil in normal and chronic inflammation, for this they used the method of autoradiography, which allows assessing the histoarchitectonics of the pharyngeal tonsil, as well as determining the functional activity of microbes that live in the parenchyma of the tonsils.