Features Of Interrogative Words in Different System Languages

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Djumanova Dilbar Rahimovna, Normamatova Dilfuza Turdikulona, Kodirova Lola Muzaffarovna


The interrogative category is one of the distinct categories of language aspects, is studied extensively in linguistics. The article defines the lexical, morphological, semantic, and functional levels of question words with a focus on identifying their aspects related their reflection various usages in different system languages. 
The use of either verbal or non-verbal communication techniques activates interpersonal relationships. Thus, by this way language expresses the events happening around is related to people's goals and conclusions as well as their needs of obtaining the information via the questions. A speaker uses various linguistic levels and a variety of informational expressions to convey ideas during an exchange of ideas by asking and answering the questions.

Studying morphological and lexical features of the main means of speech expressing questions in the English and Uzbek languages, as well as functional-semantic types of speech acts and cases of their mutual syncretization in group parts is a complex way of learning languages. In addition, one of the current problems of comparative linguistics is to show principles in fictional works that would reflect the unique characteristics of universal and differential aspects according to the intellectual aesthetic nature of today's language levels. The aim of the article is to shed comparative light on the morphological, lexical and pragmatic linguistic features of question words representing the interrogative class in English and Uzbek languages.

The tasks of research are to determine the specific aspects of the category of questions at the pragmatic and functional semantic level in the formation of interrogative sentences in English and Uzbek languages; to uncover the unifying and differentiating aspects of the linguistic features of interrogative means in an interrogative sentence device.

The form of information transmission depends on the desired language situation of a speaker and a listener in the form of a question/answer situation. The description of some terms is made short and simple, and the content of the information is contained easy to understand. While other expressions are simple in their formal structure, they require auditory means of communication (inference) to understand the speaker's intended purpose.


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