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This article aims to explore the various aspects of acute respiratory infections during the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, shedding light on the underlying epidemiological patterns, transmission dynamics, risk factors, and potential preventive measures. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) encompass a broad spectrum of viral and bacterial infections that primarily affect the respiratory system. These infections can range from mild illnesses like the common cold to more severe conditions such as pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). With the emergence of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the world has witnessed the rapid spread of a highly contagious respiratory pathogen, resulting in the global COVID-19 pandemic.