Main Article Content
In order to minimise agricultural losses and maintain product quality, pesticides are used in agriculture to control pests, illnesses, plants, and other plant adversaries. However, occupational exposure to pesticides as well as leftovers in food and drinkable water pose significant health risks. Pesticides are developed in accordance with stringent regulations with the goal of functioning with reasonable assurance and having a minimum effect on human health and the environment. Workers in the agricultural industry who toil in open fields and gardens, those who make their living in the insecticide industry, and those whose job it is to rid homes of household pests are frequently subjected to chemical hazards on the job. Although pesticides are primarily ingested through food and drink, they can also be discovered inside the house. The toxicity of the pesticide, the application techniques, the amount, the absorption on soil colloids, the atmospheric conditions after application, and the length of time the pesticide spends in the environment are all factors that influence its effect on the environment. It is challenging and unreliable to conduct risk assessments of the impacts that pesticides have on human health and the environment because of the disparities in the lengths of exposure, kinds of pesticides, and circumstances in the environment. The number of parameters that are used and the technique that is used to implement them to evaluate the detrimental effects of pesticides on human health could have an impact on risk assessment as well as the characterization of pesticides that have already been authorised and the approval of novel chemicals in the near future. As a result, new methods or tools with a higher degree of certainty are required to accurately predict the dangers posed by herbicides and lessen the adverse effects these chemicals have on human health and the environment.