A Case Study of The Threat to Human Security Posed by The Assam Movment

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Upama Saikia, Dr. Pobon Kr. Gogoi


Assam movement is an anti-foreigner’s movement launched by the dissidence of Assam against the illegal migrants. The illegal migrants are those who comes from prior East Pakistan, now Bangladesh, some from Nepal. There were political, economic and social base of this movement. The agitators demand for 3D’s i.e. Detection, Disenfranchisement and Deportation as the people of Assam can protect their cultural identity and demography from the threat of foreign nationals.  The subsequent period of the movement was 1979-1985. Geographically, the movement was confined to the Brahmaputra Valley which has been traditional homeland of Asomiyas and the people who were participated in this movement. The movement started in 6thNovember 1979 under the leadership of All Assam Student Union(AASU) and All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad(AAGSU) and officially ended on 15th August,1985 after signing a historic ‘ASSAM ACCORD 1985’.Initially, the movement was conducted most disciplined and peaceful manner but the evolvement of ethnic tension and anti-election seeds had given birth of violence. That violence lead to extreme threat to human security, as human security is a non -traditional security that pose threats to the survival and development of a sovereign state and human kind. The air of Assam mingled with violence mob with individual killing and bomb attack as well as communities pitting against each other. Many people had died, the women and the children were main victims of the movement. This paper discusses the Assam movement, its genesis and how it had affected the security of life of the people.


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