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Women are the backbone of families, societies, agriculture and economy in India. Since more and more women in India have been entering the workforce, the dynamics of marriage partnerships have changed significantly. This study investigates the elements that make a difference in the marital adjustment of working and nonworking women in India. The importance of marital adjustment is highlighted, not just to the individual's happiness but to the families and societies as a whole. The research examines the complex interplay between marital adjustment and elements like communication, financial stability, role expectations, family and community support, and psychological well-being against the backdrop of shifting gender roles and expectations. This study used a mixed-methods approach to analyse the disparate experiences of working and non-working women in the context of marital relationships. This study emphasises the importance of policies and programmes that provide individualized assistance and take into account women's changing roles and the wide range of difficulties they face. This study adds to our understanding of the complex web of determinants affecting contemporary Indian marriage by illuminating the nuanced interplay between crucial success factors and marital adjustment.