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This abstract explores the famines that occurred in 1888-1889 and 1891-1892, shedding light on the socio-economic and environmental factors that contributed to these catastrophic events. By conducting a comparative analysis, this study aims to discern patterns, differences, and lessons that can be drawn from these historical occurrences. The famines of 1888-1889 and 1891-1892 were complex crises that unfolded against a backdrop of global economic changes, climatic anomalies, and intricate social structures. By examining primary sources, including historical records, contemporary accounts, and governmental reports, this research seeks to unravel the intricate web of causative factors that led to widespread food shortages and famine-related mortality.